The primary difference between server-based RAID and controller-based RAID is where the RAID functionally is performed and implemented.
Sometimes server-based hardware RAID implementations are referred to as controller-based as opposed to software-based RAID. Adding to the confusion is that controller-based RAID is also used referring to RAID functionality being implemented in a storage system via a combination of hardware, software and firmware or microcode.
Dig Deeper on Primary storage devices
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