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A tape-media rotation scheme that creates three sets of backup tapes: daily incremental sets or "sons," weekly fulls or "fathers," and end-of-month tapes or "grandfathers." For example, if you want to take incremental backups Monday through Thursday, do a full on the weekend, and keep a monthly full for one year, you would need four sets for incrementals and three sets for weeklies (the fourth week of the month is used to create the monthly backup). And because there are 13 four-week cycles in a year, you would need 13 sets of monthly tapes.
This was first published in September 2005