Disk drives Definitions

  • A

    AHCI (Advanced Host Controller Interface)

    An AHCI (Advanced Host Controller Interface) is a hardware mechanism that allows software to communicate with Serial ATA (SATA) devices.

  • areal density

    Areal density measures the amount of data that can be stored on a given amount of physical space on a disk drive.

  • B

    backup robot

    A backup robot is an automated external USB storage device that supports multiple removable SATA hard drives. The device offers small businesses and consumers many of the benefits of smart storage without the cost or complexity of RAID systems.

  • bad block

    A bad block is a damaged area of magnetic storage media (i.e., hard disk) that cannot reliably be used to store and retrieve data.

  • BEDO DRAM (Burst Extended Data Output DRAM)

    BEDO DRAM (Burst Extended Data Output DRAM) is a type of dynamic random access memory (DRAM) that can send data back to the computer from one read operation at the same time it is reading in the address of the next data to be sent.

  • bit rot

    Bit rot is the slow deterioration in the performance and integrity of data stored on storage media. It is also known by the names bit decay, data rot, data decay and silent corruption.

  • block storage

    Block storage is a type of data storage typically used in storage-area network (SAN) environments where data is stored in volumes, also referred to as blocks.

  • Blue Book

    The Blue Book is the informal name for the standard specification document for stamped multisession (also known as the enhanced CD or E-CD) disk format, developed in 1995 from a supplement to Philips and Sony's 1988 Orange Book.

  • D

    DASD (direct access storage device)

    Direct access storage device (DASD, pronounced DAZ-dee), is a general term for magnetic disk storage devices. The term has historically been used in the mainframe and minicomputer (mid-range computer) environments.

  • defragmenter

    A defragmenter is a software utility that rearranges the fragments or discontiguous parts of each file stored on a computer hard disk so that the small, empty storage spaces adjacent to fragments can be used, effectively creating new storage space and possibly making file access faster.

  • disk cache

    A disk cache is a mechanism for improving the time it takes to read from or write to a hard disk.

  • disk duplexing

    Disk duplexing is a variation of disk mirroring in which each of multiple storage disks has its own SCSI controller.

  • disk striping

    Disk striping divides data into blocks and spreads the blocks across hard disks or solid-state drives to accelerate read and write access.

  • disk-to-disk-to-tape (D2D2T)

    Disk-to-disk-to-tape (D2D2T) is an approach to computer storage backup and archiving in which data is initially copied to backup storage on a disk and then later on copied again to tape.

  • diskette (floppy disk)

    A diskette is a random access, removable data storage medium that can be used with personal computers.

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