Ask the Expert

Point: Why is multimode fiber cable used more than single mode fiber cable?

Why is multimode fiber cable used more than single mode fiber cable? Where should we use single mode?

Requires Free Membership to View

Multimode fiber (MMF) optic cabling is more commonly used compared to single mode fiber (SMF) fiber optic cabling because it is less expensive than SMF, thus better on a cost basis for short-distance applications. While SMF is used in some relatively short-distance applications, it is primarily used for long and ultra long-range applications (for example, between buildings in campus environments and between cities). The fiber optic cabling that is utilized for long-range and ultra long-range applications (for example, spanning oceans and continents) is SMF-based.

Typically, the fiber optic cabling inside a storage subsystem or between servers, switches, storage and other devices will be MMF. SMF cable is capable of supporting longer distances by using a smaller diameter modal dispersion that is more expensive to produce. MMF fiber cabling has a shorter distance, thus easier to manufacture, more commonly used and less expensive. Note that as you migrate to faster interfaces including 10 Gb Fibre Channel and 10 Gb Ethernet where MMF might have worked for some extended campus and data center distances, you may be better off investing in SMF moving forward. Another cost factor to consider regarding fiber optics for Fibre Channel, Ethernet and other optics-based networks is the cost of the transceivers (GBICs, SFPs, XFPs, etc.). You can read more about fiber optic cabling in Chapter 5 "Fiber Optic Essentials" in my book Resilient Storage Networks.

Read Randy Kerns' answer to this question.

This was first published in September 2004

There are Comments. Add yours.

TIP: Want to include a code block in your comment? Use <pre> or <code> tags around the desired text. Ex: <code>insert code</code>

REGISTER or login:

Forgot Password?
By submitting you agree to receive email from TechTarget and its partners. If you reside outside of the United States, you consent to having your personal data transferred to and processed in the United States. Privacy
Sort by: OldestNewest

Forgot Password?

No problem! Submit your e-mail address below. We'll send you an email containing your password.

Your password has been sent to: