We are considering creating one logical array from the disk bay, with the first and second disks totaling 300 GB...
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by installing RAID 0. Our other option would be to install RAID 1 and mirror the data of the first array in disk bay three. Would this solution work, and would it affect the performance with regard to read/write I/O operations? Should we instead procure four 150 GB disks and install RAID 5?
This trails into your second question of what type of read/write performance you would get. Just the fact that you're asking the question implies that you probably already know the answer: "Who the heck knows!" You'll probably get something on the order of 70 to 210 IOPS and somewhere between 10 and 30 MBps, making the array as predictable as next week's weather.
RAID best practices has always stated that identical disk drives are the way to go: same sized drives, same spindle speeds and symmetrical number of drives (no three on one side and one on the other type stuff). However, if you're not using it for mission-critical work and/or performance is simply not a concern and/or the controller allows you to do this and/or you're the type who liked to throw grasshoppers and spiders together in the same zip-lock bag just to see what would happen, then go for it! Just don't expect what you would expect if you set it up like your proposed (and correctly proposed, I might add) RAID 5 array.
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